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A Brief Outline of the History of English - ebook/pdf
A Brief Outline of the History of English - ebook/pdf
Autor: Liczba stron:
Wydawca: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego Język publikacji: Angielski
ISBN: 978-83-235-2669-8 Data wydania:
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Kategoria: ebooki >> naukowe i akademickie >> literaturoznawstwo, językoznawstwo
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Publikacja stanowi zwięzły zarys historii języka angielskiego, z uwzględnieniem jego wariantów używanych na Wyspach Brytyjskich i poza nimi. Książka zawiera fragmenty dokumentów historycznych i literackich ilustrujących omawiane zagadnienia, wraz z tłumaczeniem trudniejszych wyrazów i fraz.
Praca jest przeznaczona dla studentów anglistyki oraz szerokiego ogółu czytelników, zainteresowanych historią języka angielskiego i kultury brytyjskiej. Jest pomocna w nauczaniu języka angielskiego i przy tłumaczeniach.

The book contains a brief account of the history of the English language as well as its variants in the British Isles and overseas. In order to illustrate the problems under discussion the author adduces text samples from documents relating to English history and literature and also translations of some difficult words and phrases.

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Jerzy Wełna A Brief Outline of the History of English ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw== Jerzy Wełna A Brief Outline of the History of English logo WUW.indd 1 5/12/2014 12:54:19 PM ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw== Recenzent Adam Wójcicki (wyd. 1) Redakcja, korekta Krzysztof P. Dąbrowski Redaktor techniczny Ewa Choińska Skład Dariusz Dejnarowicz © Copyright by Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego 1996, 2003 Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego 00-497 Warszawa, ul. Nowy Świat 4 Księgarnia internetowa: www.wuw.pl/ksiegarnia www.wuw.pl e-mail: wuw@uw.edu.pl ISBN 978-83-235-2669-8 Wydanie 3 ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw== Table of contents Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Introduction: Pre-Old English 0.1. Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 0.2. Phonological features of Germanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Chapter One: Old English (c. 700-1100) 1.1. Historical events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2. Old English alphabet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.3. Old English dialects and the earliest literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.4. Old English poetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1.5. Classical Old English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.6. Remarks on the Old English language (West-Saxon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.7. Old English lexicon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 1.8. Late Old English sound changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Chapter Two: Middle English (c. 1100-1500) 2.1. The Norman Conquest and after . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2. The phonology of French dialects, and French loanwords in English . . . . . . 26 2.3. Orthographic innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.4. Phonological and grammatical changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2.5. Middle English literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.6. The transition period (15c.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.7. Historical events and literature in the 15th century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3 ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw== Chapter Three: New English (from 1500 onwards) 3.1. Historical events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 3.2. Phonological changes (1500-1650) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 3.3. Studies on the English language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 3.4. English literature during the Renaissance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 3.5. Grammatical changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 3.6. Loanwords in Early New English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.7. The spread of English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 3.8. The earliest lexicons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 3.9. Late 17th and 18th century dictionaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.10. Early English grammars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 3.11. Changes in pronunciation (l.17-18c.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 3.12. Literature c. 1650-1800 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 3.13. Changes in pronunciation after 1800 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.14. English grammarians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 3.15. Literature in the 19th century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 3.16. The further expansion of English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.17. The dialects of contemporary English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 3.18. The Oxford and Webster s dictionaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 3.19. Studies on the history of English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw== Preface The present short outline of the historical development of the English language is chiefly intended as a textbook for the students of the Depart- ments of English in Polish universities who are required to take a course of the History of English. Also, other students and non-professional readers interested in English may find it a useful source of information. The main objective of the book is to offer in a form as concise as pos- sible a presentation of the major aspects of the history of English, both external and internal. Thus, apart from the essential data concerning the key developments in English history which more or less directly influenced the evolution of the language, the textbook presents sample quotations, brief as a rule, from various documents, and short passages from literary texts. The internal history of English includes the description of the evolution of phonology, morphology, lexicon, dialects and varieties of English. For shortage of space, the author had to concentrate on those aspects of linguis- tic change which directly contributed to the current shape of the English language. Therefore, the users of the book are encouraged to refer to other standard textbooks of the history of English or historical grammars listed in the Bibliography where they will find answers to questions which may arise after reading the present textbook. In order to facilitate the understanding of the short texts interpolated throughout the book, the readers are supplied with a list of translations of more difficult words whose sense they may find obscure. Such information placed immediately after the text quoted will allow the student, it is hoped, to translate and interpret the passage ad- duced. The additional texts offered in the Appendix are designed for those students who may be interested in translating them without the teacher s help, using an Old or Middle English dictionary. 5 ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw== It is obvious that the present book owes much to the research of other linguists, chiefly authors of the most important handbooks of the history of English and historical grammars. The original version of the book has been used by the students in their classes of the History of English and their cri- tical remarks were taken into consideration in preparing the present text- book. For its shortcomings, the responsibility is solely mine. Warszawa, October 1992 J.W. Preface to the second edition The present second edition of the Outline incorporates alterations to correct factual inaccuracies of the original text. Chapter Three also contains a new brief paragraph discussing the linguistic literature on the history of English. The bibliography has been considerably expanded and brought up-to-date. Warszawa, November 1995 J.W. ##7#52#aSUZPUk1BVC1WaXJ0dWFsbw==
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