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Beginner’s course POLISH - dla mówiących po angielsku - ebook/pdf
Beginner’s course POLISH - dla mówiących po angielsku - ebook/pdf
Autor: Liczba stron: 178
Wydawca: LektorKlett Język publikacji: polski
ISBN: 978-83-7429-387-7 Data wydania:
Kategoria: ebooki >> nauka języków obcych
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Kurs języka polskiego dla początkujących

Pons Beginner's Course Polish

Po każdej lekcji znajduje się słowniczek z nowymi wyrazami z danej lekcji oraz klucz do ćwiczeń.

Po każdych 5 lekcjach jest powtórka przerobionego w nich materiału.

Kurs wzbogacają materiały w formacie mp3 z nagraniami wszystkich dialogów oraz do ćwiczenia słownictwa.

Kurs nie tylko uczy prawidłowej wymowy, ale rownież zawiera liczne informacje i ciekawostki dotyczące kultury, tradycji i obyczajów.

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INTRODUCTION WELCOME Are you interested in learning Polish and developing your language skills – listening, speaking, reading and writing? Would you like to gain language confidence in everyday situations? Beginner‘s Course will not only introduce you to the language quickly, but it will also do it in an entertaining and motivating way. It will give you a vivid image of contemporary Polish. Additionally, you will learn a lot of useful and interes- ting facts about the country, people and culture. This course has grown from the experience and findings of the “Learning Lusa- tia” project, that was supported and carried out by a combination of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research along with the European Social Fund within the scope of the “Learning Regions” programme. HOW TO WORK ON OUR COURSE Each of the 10 Lessons consists of four double pages that systematically cover four language skills – listening, reading, writing and speaking. • • LISTEN – The first double page of each Lesson concentrates on listening comprehension. READ – You practise the comprehension of written Polish in real-life situations. • WRITE – You develop your writing skills here. • SPEAK – Short dialogues in Polish from everyday life situations are covered here. Practice makes perfect • After Lessons 5 and 10, there is a Revision Unit consisting of four pages. In this part, you can systematically check, brush up and improve your abilities. The most efficient way of learning languages • Learn regularly and in short stages. It is better to practice several times a week for fifteen minutes than only once in that time for two hours. trzy 3 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 3 2008-10-10 13:10:37 INTRODUCTION • • Do not dwell on one subject for too long. You will see even if you have not understood every point, your doubts disappearing as you move on. Listen to each recording more than once and keep listening to it. You do not have to understand every single word immediately. What important is that you can under- stand the main idea of the text. Appendix In the Appendix, you will find a lot of useful information. • The Lesson vocabulary, including the pronunciation of more difficult words as well as the English translation, will help you improve your Polish vocabulary. • Answer key Here you will find the answers to all the exercises on the course. Script Here you can find all the recordings from CD 1 and CD 2, unless they are already included in the Lesson. There is also an English translation of all the dialogues. Grammar overview Here you can quickly find answers to your questions connected with grammar. Polish-English Wordlist Have you forgotten a Polish word? With this list, you can find the Lesson it was covered in. Polish-English Wordlist Would you like to know the Polish equivalent of an English word? Just check this list. • • • • The following icons will lead you quickly from the Exercise to suitable extras. § 1.2 It is a link to the grammar overview. 0 1 Listen to the audio track. [œ:] 0 2 The phonetic symbol indicates a pronunciation Exercise. Here you will learn about Poland and the Poles. 4 cztery POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 4 2008-10-10 13:10:38 INTRODUCTION CD 1 – contains all the dialogues and listening tasks in the order in which they appear in each Lesson. Each track is introduced in Polish: “Lesson numer …, ćwiczenie …” (Lesson num- ber …, Exercise number …). CD 2 – contains the essential vocabulary covered in the course as well as systematic pronuncia- tion and vocabulary training. Have fun and good luck How to convert audio files for a MP3 Player To convert the audio files to the MP 3 format, you need software such as, e.g., iTunes that changes the data from audio CDs into MP3 files. Put the audio CD to the disk drive in your computer and start the software. Choose the files from the audio CD you would like to convert and start the conversion process. You can find more informati- on about converting audio CD files to MP3 format in the help menu of the particular software. pięć 5 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 5 2008-10-10 13:10:38 CONTENTS Introduction Map of Europe Lesson 1 – Welcome Greeting someone – saying goodbye – introducing oneself – countries and cities The gender of the noun – the nominative case – the genitive case – the verb być Pronunciation of cz, ć, ci, dzi, ę, ł, ń, sz, ś, z, ż – the Polish alphabet – spelling Greetings in Poland Lesson 2 – In a hotel Hotels and hotel rooms – making a complaint – numbers 1-10 Adjectives in the nominative case – conjugation pattern -am/-asz – negation Pronunciation of ci/ć, ni/ń, si/ś, zi/ź Accommodation in Poland – agritourism Lesson 3 – Shopping Asking for directions – talking about prices – shopping – numbers 10-19 The plural form of the noun – the accusative case – conjugation pattern -ę/-isz Pronunciation of a, e, i, y Polish currency – opening hours Lesson 4 – Family Family members – days of the week – schedule – age – numbers 10-90 The possessive pronouns – adjectives in the accusative case – conjugation pattern -ę/-esz Pronunciation of rz, sz, ż First names – name day Lesson 5 – Work and jobs Jobs – activities – foreign languages – looking for a job – hobbies – telephoning The instrumental case – adverbs – abbreviations Pronunciation of ą, ę (Part 1) Revision 1 Exercises on the main items in Lessons 1 to 5 6 sześć 3 9 10 18 26 34 42 50 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 6 2008-10-10 13:10:38 CONTENTS Lesson 6 – Food drink Food and drink – restaurant: ordering a meal and paying – cooking The genitive case – quantity – exceptional conjugation – adjectives Pronunciation of ą, ę (Part 2) Polish cuisine – cooking bigos Lesson 7 – Appearance Appearance – personality – seeking a partner – colours – clothes – numbers from 100 to 900 Comparison of adjectives – modal verbs – double negation Pronunciation of eu, ia, ie, io, iu, ii, ji Marriage and family in Poland Lesson 8 – Travelling Time and date – opening hours – means of transport – journeys – names of the months Ordinal numbers – modal verbs – interrogative pronoun który Travelling in Poland Lesson 9 – Activities Travelling and holidays – activities – the past The past tense – the plural of personal nouns – comparison of adverbs Leisure activities in Poland Lesson 10 – Weather Weather – the cardinal points – seasons – the cinema – horoscope The future tense – construction jeżeli … to - the imperative mood – the vocative case Polish magazines Revision 2 Exercises on the main issues in Lessons 6 to 10 Quiz about Poland 54 62 70 78 86 94 siedem 7 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 7 2008-10-10 13:10:38 CONTENTS Appendix 1 Vocabulary 2 Answer key 3 Script for CD 1 4 Script for CD 2 5 Grammar overview 6 Polish-English Wordlist 7 English-Polish Wordlist 98 98 112 119 131 137 150 163 8 osiem POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 8 2008-10-10 13:10:39 Map of Europe Map of Europe dziewięć 9 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 9 2008-10-10 13:10:39 Lekcja 1 Listen Welcome 0 1 1 Urszula Nowakowska from the „Transbut” company and Łukasz Belka from the „Bas” company meet at a conference in Warsaw. It is their first meeting. Listen to the way they greet each other and introduce themselves. they greet each other and introduce themselves. Dzień dobry. Jestem Urszula Nowakowska. A pan? Dzień dobry! Jestem Łukasz Belka. Bardzo mi miło. Mnie też. Tip The forms pan (Mr) and pani (Mrs) are used in formal contacts. They are followed by a verb in the 3rd person singular. Tip The sound for dzi can also be represented by the letter combi- nation dź, like in the dźwięk – sound The sound for ń can also be represented by the letter combi- nation ni, as in nic – nothing [œ:] 0 2 2 2 You must have heard a couple of unusual sounds while listening to the dialogue. Listen to some other words with on usual sounds and repeat them. Check their spelling, too. sz dzi ł ń ż as in ash as in gene, but softer as in win soft n, as in mignonette Urszula wszystko Warszawa dzień dziękuję gdzie miło słychać słucham dzień państwo Poznań as in ash when in final position też już garaż [œ:] 0 3 3 In Polish the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable. Listen to the following words, mark the stress and repeat them. Ur-szu-la • War-sza-wa • No-wa-kow-ska • do-bry • pań-stwo • wszyst-ko • mi-ło 10 dziesięć POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 10 2008-10-10 13:10:41 Listen Lekcja 1 Welcome 4 Robert Bartkowiak and Katarzyna Zielińska are both students. They have just met in a cafe. Listen to the way they greet each other and introduce themselves. 0 4 Cześć! Jestem Robert A ty? Cześć! Jestem Katarzyna. Miło cię poznać. Mnie też. Tip The form ty is used in informal contacts. It is followed by a verb in the 2nd person singular. 5 There are some words in Exercise 4 that may be difficult to spell and pronounce. Lis- ten to some other examples now and repeat them. Be careful with the stress. [œ:] 0 5 cz z ć ś ę as in chocolate as in zebra and ci as in cheese, but softer as in she, but softer Czechy serdecznie Krawczyk nazwisko muzyka Drezno cześć być poznać cię Maciej bocian jesteśmy jesteś świetnie as in French Gauguin, but more like in yes when in the final position cię ręka się 6 Unscramble these dialogues and put the phrases in the correct order. a) 1 Bardzo mi miło. Dzień dobry! Jestem Robert Bartkowiak. Dzień dobry! Jestem Urszula Nowakowska. A pan? Mnie też! b) Cześć! Jestem Katarzyna. Mnie też! Cześć! Jestem Łukasz! A ty? Miło cię poznać! 0 6 jedenaście 11 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 11 2008-10-10 13:10:42 Lekcja 1 Read Welcome Vocabulary ul. is the abbrevi- ation of ulica and means street. Tip You can answer the question Kto to jest? (Who is this?) in three ways, depending on how familiar you are with the person. Formal: To jest pan Bartkowiak. (This is Mr. Bartkowiak.). Informal: To jest Ro- bert. (This is Robert.) In a typically Polish in-between way: To jest pan Robert. (This is Mr. Robert.). 7 Take a look at these ID cards of Katarzyna, Robert and Urszula. Is there any information that you don’t understand? Kto to jest? – Who is this? Try to find Polish equivalents for the following English words, using the IDs above. 1) Surname 3) Address 2) First name 8 Find the cities of Warszawa, Poznań and Wrocław on the map on page 9. Then find the Polish names for the following cities and countries 1) Poland 3) Austria 5) England 7) Warsaw 9) Poznań 11) Berlin 13) Vienna 15) London 2) Germany 4) France 6) Russia 8) Cracow 10) Wrocław 12) Munich 14) Paris Now listen to the pronunciation of the Polish names of cities and countries. Repeat the words you hear. 0 7 12 dwanaście POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 12 2008-10-10 13:10:42 Read Lekcja 1 Welcome 9 Polish nouns can be masculine, feminine or neuter. Note that there are no articles in Polish. First, read the grammar box below and, then, complete the table naming each column with the appropriate gender. Polska Rosja Francja Gdynia Legnica Bruksela Opole Zakopane Monachium Berno Leszno Oslo Gdańsk Rzym Berlin Poznań Kraków Paryż § 1.2 You can recognize the gender of the noun by its ending in the nominati- ve singular. Most nouns ending in a consonant are masculine, the majority of those ending in -a or -i are feminine and those ending in -e, -ę, -o or -um are neuter. 10 Łukasz and Katarzyna have just met in a chat room on the Internet. Read this dialogue and try to understand what they are writing about. Just a hint: Skąd jesteś? means Where are you from? Katarzyna: Łukasz: Katarzyna: Łukasz: Cześć! Jestem Katarzyna. Moje hobby to muzyka i teatr. Hej Katarzyna! Miło mi. Jestem Łukasz. Muzyka to też moje hobby. Skąd jesteś? Jestem z Poznania. A ty? Jestem z Krakowa. Have you noticed that the names of the cities have different forms in Exercises 9 and 10? Tip Moje hobby to (jest) muzyka. (literally: My hobby, it is music). This construction is typical Polish. The word to (it) is obli- gatory, the verb jest (is) is very often left out. This structure re- quires a noun in the nominative case. The preposition z (from) is used when talking about the origin and is followed by a noun in the genitive case. You will learn more about the genitive in Lesson 6. § 1.6 trzynaście 13 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 13 2008-10-10 13:10:43 Lekcja 1 Write Welcome § 1.6 11 Compare these forms of the countries and the cities in the nominative and the genitive case. You will get more information about the genitive in Lesson 6. Niemcy Londyn z Niemiec Polska z Polski Rosja z Rosji z Londynu Warszawa z Warszawy Anglia z Anglii Bruksela z Brukseli Paryż z Paryża Kraków Poznań z Krakowa Litwa z Litwy z Poznania Rzym z Rzymu Monachium z Monachium Opole z Opola Czechy z Czech 0 8 12 Where are these people from? Listen to three short dialogues and complete these four sentences. 1) Łukasz jest z 3) Marion jest z 2) Robert jest z 4) Piotr jest z 13 You must have noticed that the Polish verb być (to be) is irregular. You are going to use this verb quite often, so it is worth remembering. Now you can fill in these gaps with the forms you already know. § 6.7 The present tense of być singular 1. person (ja) 2. person (ty) plural 1. person (my) jesteśmy 2. person (wy) jesteście (on, ona , ono) 3. person Now, you have also learnt the personal pronouns. They are only used in Polish when em- phasis or contrast is intended and, therefore, they appear in brackets. Note that there are two personal pronouns in the 3rd person plural. Oni refers to masculine personal nouns or groups of people with at least one male person. One is used for all other nouns (masculine non-personal, feminine and neuter). Hint: ja (I) is spelt with a small letter. 3. person (oni, one) są 14 czternaście POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 14 2008-10-10 13:10:44 Write Welcome Lekcja 1 14 Check the grammar box to the right and complete the gaps with suitable forms of the verb być in the formal register. (Ja) Ula. To państwo Belka. Kto to ? To pani Teresa a to pan Zawacki. Skąd wy ? z Krakowa. The formal forms of the verb być are as follows: Singular: pan or pani + verb in the 3rd person singular Plural: państwo + verb in the 3rd person plural § 6.14 15 Katarzyna has just logged in a chat room. Why don’t you join her? Katarzyna imię: nazwisko: Zielińska kraj: miasto: hobby: e-mail: Polska Poznań sport, poezja imię: nazwisko: kraj: miasto: hobby: e-mail: Vocabulary Hobbies: literatura – literature kino – cinema teatr – theatre taniec – dancing gotowanie – cooking czytanie – reading ogród – gardening 16 Katarzyna and Łukasz meet again in the chat room. Read their conversation below. Łukasz starts with a casual “How are you?” Łukasz: Katarzyna: Łukasz: Cześć Kasia! Jak leci? O! Łukasz! Witam. U mnie wszystko w porządku. U mnie też wszystko w porządku! Do you remember how to say „How are you?” in Polish? Write the phrase in the bubble. Diminutives Diminutives are often used instead of full first names. Katarzyna  Kasia Urszula  Ula Robert  Robercik Łukasz  Łukaszek piętnaście 15 POWER_ANGIELSKI.indb 15 2008-10-10 13:10:44
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