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British Accents: Cockney, RP, Estuary English - ebook/pdf
British Accents: Cockney, RP, Estuary English - ebook/pdf
Autor: Liczba stron: 45
Wydawca: Self Publishing Język publikacji: Angielski
ISBN: 978-83-272-3282-3 Data wydania:
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Kategoria: ebooki >> nauka języków obcych >> angielski
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Today, we can find many elements of speech, which are considered to be characteristic of the Cockney accent and are used in Standard English. Other examples show that Londoners’ speech, as well as Received Pronunciation are both used on television and radio. What is more, the book concentrates upon the way RP changes, the impact of Cockney on Received Pronunciation, and certain features of the accents perceived as 'standard' ones. Paweł Rogaliński (born in 1987) is a Polish freelance journalist, publisher, bloger (www.rogalinski.com.pl), and an English teacher. He writes sociopolitical articles for all-Polish magazines and Polish minority newspapers (e.g. 'Polish Zone' in the United Kingdom, 'Magazyn Polonia' in the United States, 'Tygodnik Polski' in Australia, “Panorama Polska” in Canada, 'Gazeta Petersburska' in Russia). He published a collection of his essays and articles entitled 'Świat, polityka i my' in 2010. Paweł Rogaliński was granted several prestigious European awards.

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ISBN: 978-83-272-3282-3 Contents INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................... 3 ACCENTS IN LONDON AREA .................................................................................................................... 3 UPPER-CRUST RP ..................................................................................................................................... 6 GENERAL AND ADOPTIVE RP ................................................................................................................... 7 THE POSITION OF RP ............................................................................................................................... 8 MODERN BRITISH NON-REGIONAL PRONUNCIATION (NRP) .................................................................. 9 NEW LONDON VOICE ............................................................................................................................ 10 COCKNEY AND MOCKNEY ...................................................................................................................... 11 RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION VS. COCKNEY ............................................................................................ 15 THE ACCENT OF SHOW BUSINESS ......................................................................................................... 15 POLITICIANS AND THEIR RUSH FOR POPULARITY ................................................................................. 18 MEDIA AND (cid:862)VOICE“ F‘OM THE ‘EGION“(cid:863) .......................................................................................... 20 SOCIOLINGUISTIC COMPARISON ........................................................................................................... 22 WHAT IS STANDARD ENGLISH? ............................................................................................................. 27 CHANGES IN RP ..................................................................................................................................... 28 RP OR R.I.P.? ADVICE FOR EFL TEACHERS ............................................................................................. 30 REFERENCES .......................................................................................................................................... 31 INTERNET SOURCES ............................................................................................................................... 32 APPENDIX .............................................................................................................................................. 34 2 INTRODUCTION Describing accents is a difficult undertaking, as one is obliged to take into account many historical and social factors, as well as influences of other accents affecting the one analyzed. In the case of Received Pronunciation, there are two main streams having an impact on it. One is the American English, which, through the universal culture of the USA, highly contributes to numerous changes in RP. The second one, Cockney, affects not only RP, but also many other regional accents. Due to the fact that Cockney is known as the accent with a characteristic, untypical pronunciation, it has gained worldwide recognition and has spread widely since 1960s. Today, we can find many elements of speech, which are considered to be characteristic of the Cockney accent and are used in Standard English. Other examples(cid:561)show(cid:561)that(cid:561)Londoners(cid:514)(cid:561)speech(cid:496)(cid:561)as(cid:561)well(cid:561)as(cid:561) Received Pronunciation are both used on television and radio. What is more, the book concentrates upon the way RP changes, the impact of Cockney on Received Pronunciation, and certain features of the accents perceived as(cid:561)(cid:515)standard(cid:516)(cid:561)ones. ACCENTS IN LONDON AREA Accent is a feature of speech that can tell us what is the age, gender and education level of the speaker, as well as his or her wealth, social class, emotional attachment to their job, home town or political party. What is more, it often shows us how much time a person has spent travelling. Although theoretically any accent can accompany any dialect, Received Pronunciation appears almost exclusively in United Kingdom Standard English (but at the same time UKSE is pronounced in majority of British accents) and as to the second most commonly known and researched: Cockney, its dialect and accent are very closely tied together (Stockwell 2002,5). 3 There are two different streams which strongly affect Standard English (meaning RP and UKSE together). The first one is called the (cid:515)Americanisation(cid:516) of British English and it has been documented for decades (mostly because of the influence of American culture on other countries, but also because of globalisation, McDonaldization and other phenomena rooted in the USA and present in the whole world). It concerns mostly words and expressions (but also pronouncing separate words), which, through American films, are easily adopted by the younger generation (Collins 2008, 204). The second one, thanks to which British English changes, is Cockney. Here, unlike American English, the field of influence is not spelling or adopting new vocabulary, but mostly accent. That is why there is a whole range of accents in the middle ground between RP on the one hand and London working-class speech (Cockney) on the other. Below you can find a diagram presenting the current situation: 4 Cockney (all variants) Mockney (emotional attitute towards Cockney) Popular London speech Estuary English / New London Speech / (cid:858)(cid:272)(cid:381)(cid:272)(cid:364)(cid:374)(cid:286)(cid:455)(cid:296)(cid:349)(cid:286)(cid:282) ‘P(cid:859) Modern British Non- Regional Pronunciation (NRP) Contemporary Received Pronunciation (RP) Quasi-RP and Near-RP U-RP (Upper Crust of RP) Mainstream / General / Refined RP, hyperlectal, Received Pronunciation / Adoptive RP / Regional marked, affected RP / BBC English RP Oxford RP Conservative Received Pronunciation / K(cid:349)(cid:374)(cid:336)(cid:859)(cid:400) (cid:884) Q(cid:437)(cid:286)(cid:286)(cid:374)(cid:859)(cid:400) “(cid:393)(cid:286)(cid:286)(cid:272)(cid:346) Advanced Received Pronunciation / Oxford English Fig. 1. Cockney and RP variations 5
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