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Reciprocities: Essays in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Rachwał - ebook/pdf
Reciprocities: Essays in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Rachwał - ebook/pdf
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Wydawca: Uniwersytet Śląski Język publikacji: polski
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Kompozycja Księgi Pamiątkowej ku czci Profesora Tadeusza Rachwała odzwierciedla zarówno historyczną chronologię tekstów omawianych przez Autorów tekstów wchodzących w jej skład, wielość i różnorodność tematów, metodologii, dziedzin i kierunków badawczych zaprezentowanych w tych esejach, jak i – charakteryzującą prace Profesora – oscylację pomiędzy historycznie osadzoną konkretnością a uniwersalistyczną refleksją; pomiędzy lokalnością a globalnością; immanencją materialności i tym, co ponadzmysłowe w przestrzeni, w której literatura, kultura i polityka przenikają się wzajemnie. Teksty zawarte w Księdze Pamiątkowej zdają sprawę z aktualnego stanu badań prowadzonych w kręgach naukowych, zainspirowanych osiągnięciami Profesora w dziedzinie historii i filozofii literatury brytyjskiej i literatury anglojęzycznej oraz w obszarze, który można określić mianem antropologii literatury i studiów kulturowych. Niniejszy tom demonstruje przekrój problematyki współcześnie rozważanej w tych dziedzinach.

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RECIPROCITIES: Essays in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Rachwał NR 3234 RECIPROCITIES: Essays in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Rachwał Edited by Agnieszka Pantuchowicz Sławomir Masłoń Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego ● Katowice 2014 Redaktor serii: Historia Literatur Obcych: Magdalena Wandzioch Recenzent: Zofia Kolbuszewska …a grateful mind By owing owes not, but still pays, at once Indebted and discharg’d;… John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book IV, ll. 55–7 Contents inTRoduction Anna ‑Zeidler ‑Janiszewska Artysta w przestrzeniach przyrodoznawstwa. O wybranych praktykach Marka Diona Piotr Fast O tytule eseju Watermark Josifa Brodskiego Anna Węgrzyniak Więzy i więzi. Ości w Ościach Ignacego Karpowicza Anna Czarnowus “Ich mot wende in mi way”: The Construction of Masculinity through Travelling in Le  Pèlérinage  de  Charlemagne  and the Stanzaic Guy of Warwick Andrzej Wicher The Place of William Shakespeare’s (Lost) Cardenio in the Context of the Late Romances Przemysław Uściński Borderlines/Ornaments in Eighteenth Century Classical Discourse Jeremy Tambling “Living On”: On Smart, Cowper, and Blake 9 15 28 38 60 74 87 106 8 Jacek Mydla Contents Joanna Baillie’s Theatre of Sympathy and Imagination Małgorzata Nitka Wordsworth, the Railway and “the riot of the town” Katarzyna Więckowska On Uselessness Mary Conde Reading “Mrs Bathurst” Jacek Wiśniewski 129 151 166 177 Travelling in Search of Spring: Edward Thomas’s In Pursuit of Spring as Travel Literature 184 David Malcolm Traffic with the Enemy: The Traitor in Elizabeth Bowen’s The Heat of the  Day, Rebecca West’s The  Meaning  of  Treason, and Francis Stuart’s Black  List, Section H. Tymon Adamczewski The Spectral Difference: On Hauntology in Sarah Waters’ The  Little Stranger 204 216 Edyta Lorek ‑Jezińska On Haunting as Metaphysical Stalking: The Middle Story and a Piece of Charred Ectoplasm 228 Sławomir Konkol “Skedaddle, Ellie”: Feminine Mobility, Tourism and Capital in Graham Swift’s Wish You Were Here 241 Krzysztof Knauer Spoilt for Choice? Self ‑fashioning and Institutionalised Identities versus “Being Oneself” in Contemporary London Literature Sławomir Masłoń Audio ‑graphy: Meaning and Irrationality in Music 266 291 inTRoduction Professor Tadeusz Rachwał teaches at Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej (the University of Social Sciences and Humanities) in War‑ saw. He is in perpetual motion across northern Poland, using any means at hand (he has neither a car nor a driving license). It has not always been that way. TR (he will excuse this) was born on the 12th of April, 1954 in Gliwice, southern Poland, to an itinerant family of mixed cultural roots. There, in the Upper Silesian region where Polish, German, and Bohemian cultu‑ ral influences intermingle, he grew up and paid his dues, on the street and at school. What his intentions were when, in 1973, he enrolled in the Academy of Economics in Katowice is in retrospect difficult to say – but after a semester he changed his mind and the following year became a student at the Institute of English Philology at the University of Sile‑ sia, Katowice. TR’s interest in research goes back to his fourth year as a student, when for the first time he took part in a conference organized by the Maria Curie ‑Skłodowska University in Lublin where he delivered a paper on phonetics and phonology in generative grammar, which may have been quite impressive because he was awarded a prize for it. His scholarly work continued to such good effect that his M.A. thesis, devoted to the topic of idiomatics in transformational ‑generative model of grammar, was appraised as outstanding, in recognition of which an abridged ver‑ sion of it was published in Neophilologica, an annual linguistic journal published by the University of Silesia. 10 inTRoduction After receiving his M.A. degree in linguistics, TR taught English for a year at a secondary school in Gliwice – Wittgenstein ‑like, one can say, though, TR being the mildest of men, there certainly was no ear ‑ or hair ‑pulling involved. After testing his mettle in basic lan‑ guage teaching, in September 1980 he became employed as an assistant professor in the Institute of English Philology at the University of Silesia (a kind of misnomer in this case because the Modern Langua‑ ges Department is located in Sosnowiec, which lies across the Brynica River and therefore technically not in Silesia but Zagłębie). At first his interest in theoretical linguistics continued, but gradually his research into the problems of semiotics led him to expand into literary semio‑ tics and then into literary theory and philosophy, especially Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction, which was scarcely known in Poland at the time. One of the results (or causes – one can never be sure and this is not necessarily a Derridean insight) of his interest in deconstruction was the beginning of a long friendship and scholarly collaboration between TR and Tadeusz Sławek, his older colleague at the English Institute. Soon they became a well ‑known academic duo, publishing a series of articles and finally three book ‑length studies (one with a third collabo‑ rator) devoted to English literature and culture of the 17th and 18th cen‑ turies. At the beginning of the 1980s Tadeusz Rachwał and Tadeusz Sławek were among the four founding members of the “Er(r)go Seminar” rese‑ arch group (the other two being Wojciech Kalaga and the late Emanuel Prower) which made the Silesian “school” a recognized theoretical cen‑ tre of English literary and cultural studies in Poland with an internatio‑ nal reputation. By 1992 the group had published six volumes of studies devoted to the problems of interpretation theory. During this period TR quickly became one of the major Polish authorities on Jacques Derrida’s thought, which found its culmination in the first Polish book devoted to Derrida, which he co ‑wrote with Taduesz Sławek: Maszyna do pisania.  O  dekonstruktywistycznej  teorii  Jacquesa  Derridy, published in 1992. TR’s continual and intensive engagement with 18th century literary and cultu‑ ral issues found printed form in the Foucauldian analyses of Word and Confinement: Subjectivity and Classical Discourse (1992) and the aforemen‑ tioned books written together with Tadeusz Sławek: Lines, Planes and inTRoduction 11 Solids:  Studies  in  Seventeenth‑Century  Writings (1992) and Sfera  szarości.  Studia nad literaturą i myślą osiemnastego wieku (1993). The crooked ways of Enlightenment literary theory and practice have never ceased to engage TR, which is also confirmed by the large number of articles he has devoted to it thus far, and by yet another book, Appro‑ aches  of  Infinity:  The  Sublime  and  the  Social (1993) dealing with the 18th century ramifications (and domestications) of the discourse of the sub‑ lime. It is this monograph in particular which perhaps best explains TR’s constant fascination with the 18th century because, in its refashioning of the category of the sublime, the epoch seems uncannily to prefigure the problematics of the poststructuralist discourse in which sublimity itself becomes one of the most central concepts or even (in Jean ‑François Lyotard’s thought) the foundation of postmodernity as such. A separate but related sphere of TR’s intellectual interests has been the work of Bruno Schulz, a Polish ‑Jewish modernist writer, whose sometimes surprisingly deconstructive intuitions have been very con‑ genial to TR, witness the number of papers he devoted to this aspect of Schulz’s work. Moreover, the issues encountered while struggling with the tightly ‑woven texture of this writer’s ambiguous meanings turned out to lead further into translatological problems (explored in further papers), therefore bringing TR back into the core aspects of deconstru‑ ction for which translation and linguistic multiplicity are very important theoretical issues. Perhaps it can be ascribed to a deconstructive bent in TR’s mind that he kept finding his thought roaming far and wide and finding new chances of international collaboration. Apart from the aforementioned long ‑standing joint research with Tadeusz Sławek, TR co ‑originated and co ‑published a number of papers together with his English friends and intellectual interlocutors (also sometime residents in Poland), Claire Hobbs and the late lamented David Jarrett, the latter a co ‑author with Sławek and TR of a fascinating analysis of the discourse of 17th and 18th century gardening Geometry, Winding Paths and the Mansions of Spirit. A restless deconstructive mind, thriving on impurities, alloys, and cross ‑fertilisation, and fascinated by unseemly mixtures and monstros‑ ities, is at home in Upper Silesia, a region of borderlands and cross‑ ‑cultural interchange, which has been damaged by heavy industry, an 12 inTRoduction area full of waste matter and unexpected concoctions. TR’s place under the smoke ‑veiled sun and the home of a certain theoretical attitude it seemed to be. But nothing lasts forever and as after twenty odd years the Er(r)go group – the foundation on which the Silesian “school” rested and which finally resulted in the founding of the Institute of English and American Literature and Culture1 (of which TR was vice ‑director between 1999 and 2002) – finally crumbled, TR, a full professor by that time, renewed his peregrinations. TR founded the School of English Language Cultures and Literatu‑ res at the University of Bielsko ‑Biała in 2002. He also moved from Sile‑ sia to the mountain region of Podbeskidzie where he divided his time between administrative duties, scholarly activities, and walking in the woods. For a couple of years he enjoyed living in a flat directly facing the mountains, but this idyll was regularly interrupted by visits to the holy city of Częstochowa where he also taught. Quite a bit of his educa‑ tional and scholarly oeuvre of that time was devoted to representation of minority discourses in the academia. In 2005 he finally decided to test the charms of the capital of Poland and accepted the offer to become the chair of the School of Anglophone Cultures and Literatures at the Uni‑ versity of Social Sciences and Humanities where he has since been tea‑ ching students at postgraduate levels. The decision was followed by he and his family moving to the medieval city of Toruń where they live in an old apartment full of volu‑ minous furniture wherein books vanish constantly. Intellectual reflec‑ tion on the crooked matters of contingency and precarity, and their the‑ oretical implications for living and reading in the world, are happily interrupted by a little gardening and biking, for which Toruń is well suited. In Toruń TR also engages in the work of the academic commu‑ nity, particularly supporting the development of British Studies at the Nicolaus Copernicus University (established several years earlier by his late friend David Jarrett) and serving as head of the Anglophone Cul‑ ture Section in the Department of English (2007–2011), where he gave lectures and seminars, took part in the organization of conferences and co ‑edited collections of essays. 1 Now the Institute of English Cultures and Literatures. inTRoduction 13 Presently TR divides his time between meditations on metaphysics as a supplement of finitude (whose seemingly transgressive operations contribute a great deal to the phantasmagoric nature of metaphysical considerations) and poetics (as well as every ‑day practices) of care and its power to overcome the deadly logic of ownership, appropriation and domination. In his current research he also continues to explore the the‑ mes of precarity in culture, nature, wilderness, and the wild. Essays included in this volume2 are written by TR’s friends, collea‑ gues and former students and bear witness to many intellectual affini‑ ties which can be shared, exchanged and enjoyed in mutual encoun‑ ters. Every one of these texts also testifies to the possibility of reciprocity being materialized. 2 It has a companion collection entitled Affinities published concurrently by Peter Lang Verlag. A.P., S.M. Redaktor Michał Pelczar, Eric Starnes Projekt okładki Emilia Dajnowicz Redaktor techniczny Małgorzata Pleśniar Łamanie Marek Zagniński Copyright © 2014 by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego Wszelkie prawa zastrzeżone ISSN 0208-6336 ISBN 978 -83 -8012-289-5 (wersja drukowana) ISBN 978 -83 -8012-290-1 (wersja elektroniczna) Wydawca Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego ul. Bankowa 12B, 40 -007 Katowice e ‑ Wydanie I. Ark. druk. 19,0 + wklejka. Ark. wyd. 19,5. Papier offset kl. III, 90 g. Cena 36 zł (+ VAT) Druk i oprawa: „TOTEM.COM.PL Sp. z o.o.” Sp.K. ul. Jacewska 89, 88‑100 Inowrocław
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